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What we now know of as “toothpaste” has a long history. Some evidence points to it being used in ancient Egypt. Egyptians would mix powdered rock and vinegar to make a paste, and use it to clean their teeth. Of course, today’s toothpaste is much more advanced and works (and tastes!) much better. Here are some of the usual components of modern toothpaste.


Abrasives: Most toothpaste contains mildly abrasive ingredients that help to scrub stains and plaque away from your teeth. The tricky balance is, they have to be strong enough to scrape away plaque, but not so strong as to scrape the tooth enamel. The abrasive ingredients also serve to polish your teeth as you brush.


Texture: The texture of your toothpaste has been perfected over the years, much to the benefit of everyone involved. The toothpaste now retains enough moisture to not dry out and feels pleasant in the mouth when used properly. Having the right texture is important to the function of the toothpaste, as well, as the texture helps the paste stick to your teeth.

Preservatives: Toothpaste has preservatives to prevent the growth of bacteria and other organisms. Otherwise, your toothpaste would spoil easily.

Foam: Most toothpaste contain a foaming agent. This gives the paste maximum efficiency at removing food and debris.

Taste: Each toothpaste has ingredients designed to make the toothpaste taste better, for which we are grateful. There are many flavor options and colors available to make your brushing experience more pleasant.

For more information, call Novan Dental in Sacramento, California, at 916-422-3991. Dr. Novan Nguyen and our team are happy to help!